How to make various types of rice dishes, biryani, pulao, pilaf, fried rice, risotto, etc

Biryani, Pulao, Fried rice and more

Rice has numerous forms. Rice is cooked in billions of households on regular basis. The way rice is cooked does vary a bit, so does the dishes made out of rice. Rice is staple food for many. Steamed rice is probably the most common form of rice. Biryani, pulao, fried rice, and many more attribute to other forms of rice.

what is rice

It is a grain. Rice is the seed of the grass species Oryza Glaberrima (African rice) or Oryza Sativa (Asian rice). Rice is massive source of carbohydrate, and very little fat. Roughly speaking 100g of rice will give 80g of carbohydrates, 7.13g of protein, 0.66g of fat and 11.61g of water.
Rice is also a fabulous provider for a number of essential vitamins and minerals such as Vitamins B3 (Niacin), B5 (Pantothenic acid), B1 (Thiamine), Copper, Folate, Iron, Selenium and Manganese.

My mum used to make rice twice a week (there was lot more emphasis on wheat that time, as I come from North Indian family). However, now I make rice almost daily now.

How to cook rice

Cooking rice depends on what you making from the rice. Steamed rice is simplest of all types of rice. To make steamed rice, take rice and 1.25 times of water in a pan. Add bit of oil or ghee (so that rice is not sticky). Cook this on low to medium heat. When water has dried up, you will see rice is ready.

Other way to make steamed rice will be use little more water, boil it, once rice is almost done (check by taking out grains of rice), strain rest of water. The water quantity used would also vary depending on what type of rice you cooking, e.g. Basmati, or medium grain or brown etc. Water used also vary with brand of rice. Mostly water quantity will range between 1.2-1.5 times.

In case you are making biryani, pulao (pilaf) or fried rice pattern is little different.

Explaining below in detail some of the common rice types and ways to cook.

Biryani

Rice is cooked in layers with veg or meat on a low heat along with spices. The lid is sealed while cooking and the rice gets cooked from bottom and from steam trapped in the pan / cooker. Basmati or long grain rice is best suitable for biryani.

Jackfruit Biryani

A delicious rice based dish, suitable for vegetarians made by layering rice and jackfruit and cooking in a closed lid with spices like garam masala, cardamom, cloves, peppercorn, saffron and many more.

Kathal -Jackfruit Biryani | Jackfruit Recipes | Your Food Fantasy
Kathal – Jackfruit Biryani | Jackfruit Recipes | Your Food Fantasy

Chicken Biryani

Probably the most common biryani to exist around. Chicken pieces are marinated and then cooked separately from rice to semi-cooked state. Rice and chicken are then layered and cooked on slow heat in closed lid, giving the best biryani.

Chicken Dum Biryani Recipe
Chicken Dum Biryani Recipe

Lamb or mutton biryani

Only a lamb lover will know what a lamb biryani means. Words will fail to describe the taste of lamb biryani. Marinate lamb pieces over night. Cook lamb till its 95% done. Cook rice separately to 85%. Create a layer of lamb and rice in a pan and let them cook together on simmer. Steam formed will cook the rice.

Briyani Lamb - Kacche Gosht ke Biryani Recipe
Briyani Lamb – Kacche Gosht ke Biryani Recipe

Vegetable or Veg Dum Biryani

Veg lover invented their own version of biryani by having vegetables such as cauliflower, peas, carrot, potato, paneer etc and cooking with rice. Much quicker version compared to its non-veg counter parts. A gluten-free meal.

Veg Dum Biryani - Authentic Recipe - Your Food Fantasy
Veg Dum Biryani – Authentic Recipe – Your Food Fantasy

Pulao, pilav, pulav or pilaf rice

Pulao is not biryani. Biryani is cooked on slow heat. Pulao is cooked on higher heat. Biryani is normally cooked in layers, of rice plus something. Pulao is normally cooked as one pot meal with other ingredients. Spices used also vary. Lastly, how we prepare rice for pulao and biryani also differs.

Veg Pulao or Pilaf rice

In case you do not want elaborate cooking like biryani, this veg pulao rice is your best best. Bursting with flavours and easy to make, one pot meal. Someone for regular cooking.

Veg Pulao Recipe - Pilaf Rice | Your Food Fantasy
Veg Pulao Recipe – Pilaf Rice | Your Food Fantasy

Navratan Pulao

Planning to cook special pulao? Navratan pulao is the one for you. Pulao rice made with 9 special ingredients like cashews makes this pulao special.

Navratan Pulao Rice Recipe | Your Food Fantasy
Navratan Pulao Rice Recipe | Your Food Fantasy

Fried rice

Fried rice in my view is somewhere in between pulao and biryani. It is not one pot meal. You make rice first. Then fry the vegetables, meat, chicken (as planned) with spices and add rice.

Egg fried rice

One of the simplest fried rice, using eggs and few vegetables. Ready in just few mins, a great meal for any busy day.

Egg Fried Rice Recipe | Your Food Fantasy by Meenu Gupta
Egg Fried Rice Recipe | Your Food Fantasy

Prawn fried rice

For prawn lovers, this fried rice is mood lifter at any time of the day. Simple to cook and quick to make. A gluten-free rice, must try for prawn lovers.

Prawn Fried Rice Recipe | Your Food Fantasy
Prawn Fried Rice Recipe | Your Food Fantasy

Risotto

Inspired by italian cusine, risotto ranks high in posh cuisine. Rice for Risotto is different from what is used for biryani or fried rice. Rice is the focus here because rice produces starch. The constant stirring during the cooking process of risotto removes the starch from the surface of the rice. This staach then dissolves into the cooking liquid and thickens it. Rice which does not have enough starch will never give good Risotto. Three common rice for risotto are, Carnaroli, Arborio and Vialone Nano.

Veg Risotto

A vegan meal with all the goodness of Italian taste. Rice cooked with wine and veggies. Make it for a normal relaxing day while sipping wine or for special meal for someone special.

Vegetarian Risotto Recipe | Italian Food | Your Food Fantasy
Vegetarian Risotto Recipe | Italian Food | Your Food Fantasy

I hope you will love this selection of rice recipes. I will keep adding more here as and when I add more rice related recipe. Much love – Meenu


Advertisements

Will love to hear your comments, questions and suggestions

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.